Aluminum die casting is a versatile and efficient manufacturing process for wide applications. It can produce high-quality LED light housings with complex geometries and optimal thermal management. However, not all aluminum alloys are created equal when it comes to die casting. In this article, we will explore the most common aluminum die casting alloys used for LED light housings and their properties.
ADC12 is a widely used aluminum alloy for die casting due to its excellent casting properties, high thermal conductivity, and good corrosion resistance. It contains 11-13% silicon, 0.3-1.5% copper, and small amounts of other elements such as iron, zinc, and magnesium.
ADC12 is a lightweight alloy with a density of 2.7 g/cm3, which makes it ideal for applications where weight reduction is a priority. It also has good mechanical properties, including high strength, stiffness, and impact resistance, which ensure the durability and reliability of LED light housings.
One of the main advantages of ADC12 is its ability to produce thin-walled and intricate parts with high dimensional accuracy and surface finish. This makes it a preferred choice for LED light housings that require optimal thermal management and electrical conductivity, such as streetlights, floodlights, and automotive lighting.
A380 is another popular aluminum alloy for die casting due to its excellent fluidity, good corrosion resistance, and high strength-to-weight ratio. It contains 8.5-9.5% silicon, 3-4% copper, and small amounts of other elements such as iron, magnesium, and zinc.
A380 has a density of 2.7 g/cm3, similar to ADC12, but it has higher mechanical properties, including tensile strength, yield strength, and hardness. This makes it a suitable choice for LED light housings that require high structural integrity and resistance to impact or vibration, such as outdoor lighting and industrial lighting.
A380 also has good machining and finishing characteristics, which allow for a range of surface finishes and textures, from smooth and polished to textured or matte. This can enhance the aesthetic appeal of LED light housings and improve their light diffusion or reflectivity.
Other Aluminum Alloys
In addition to ADC12 and A380, there are several other aluminum alloys that are suitable for die casting LED light housings, depending on their specific requirements and applications. Some of these alloys include:
A383: Similar to A380 but with higher silicon content (9.5-10.5%) for better fluidity and casting properties.
A360: Contains 9-10% silicon and 0.5-1% copper, with improved corrosion resistance and electrical conductivity compared to ADC12.
AlSi10Mg: Contains 9-11% silicon, 0.2-0.6% magnesium, and small amounts of other elements, with high strength-to-weight ratio and good thermal conductivity.
AlSi12: Contains 11-13% silicon and small amounts of other elements, with good casting properties and high thermal conductivity.
Choosing the right aluminum alloy for die casting LED light housings is essential to ensure optimal performance, reliability, and cost-effectiveness. ADC12 and A380 are two of the most common alloys used for their excellent casting properties, high mechanical properties, and good corrosion resistance.
However, other aluminum alloys such as A383, A360, AlSi10Mg, and AlSi12 may also be suitable depending on their specific applications and requirements. By working with an experienced die casting manufacturer like CFS Foundry, it is possible to select the most appropriate alloy and optimize the die casting process for the desired outcomes.